Predrag Bićanin, Saša Milenković, Dragan Radovanović, Aco Gajević, Jelena Ivanovć

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If not detected and removed in time, poor posture in preschool and school children may cause extremely serious health problems in adulthood. The primary objective of this study is to define the postural status in the sagittal and frontal plane in preschool children in Belgrade. Secondary objectives are directed to determining the differences in the observed characteristicsof postural status in relation to the gender of the studied participants. In order to determine the postural status of the spine in the sagittal and frontal plane we used a 3D spine analyzer "Spinal Mouse". The sample consisted of 608 children aged 4 to 7, of which 419 were boys and 189 were girls. The results showed that poor posture is present in both genders in all monitored segments of the spine. At the level of the entire sample of participants, the most common is poor posture in the lumbar region of the spine in the sagittal plane in boys (32.46%) and in the thoracic region in girls (30.15%). Poor posture is more frequent in the sagittal than in the frontal plane. Statistically significant differences were found in relation to gender (Wilks' Lambda 0.905, F=10.278, p=0.000). Physical activity, specially programmed and planned exercises aimed at contributing togood posture, should and must be represented as an important means of prevention in the daily activities of children.


poor posture, kyphosis, lordosis, scoliosis, preschoolers

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