Ioannis Kosmas, Yannis Georgiou, Eleni Marmara, Aggeliki Fotiou

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between low back pain (LBP) and factors such as education level and years of work in 131 women aged 42±1.10 years, participating in the "Sports for All" municipal physical activity (PA) programs in Greece. To evaluate how PA affects the intensity of pain, the questionnaires “Grading the Severity of Chronic Pain-GSCP” and the “A Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire-FABQ” were used. Analysis of Variation and the Tuckey post hoc tests calculated the difference among the questions of each of the questionnaires. Statistically significant differences were determined for three questions. Female participants with a medium or low level of education show less or no improvement in LBP. Concerning years of work, participants with fewer years of work suffer from higher LBP levels than the ones already working for longer time. Future studies of the relationship between specific PA programs, the content and nature of one’s job and the appearance of LBP are needed.


Low Back Pain, Intensity, Working Experience, Education Level

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