Dragan Cenic, Jelena Petrović, Stojan Cenić

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Learning is a continuous and progressive process which brings changes in the students. During this process, children with different personality respond differently to certain situations, so it is absolutely clear that internal factors drive individuals to act. These internal factors are called motives. This paper is an attempt to discuss some of the important aspects of how motivation affects successful learning, and answer the following questions: why is motivation a key factor in the teaching process, how does the social environment affect motivation, does grading motivate learning, and how does reinforcement affect successful learning? Along with a review of relevant scientific papers which have studied motivation as a factor affecting the teaching and education process, we will discuss various aspects of motivation, the importance of teaching material as a motivational tool and social factors and their effect on students’ motivation to learn. It is very important to focus on students’ intrinsic motivation during the process of knowledge acquisition and successful learning. Intrinsic motivation does not act independently, it is combined with other factors which allow individuals to acquire knowledge, and teacher motivation can be an important ally in achieving this goal.


motive, motivation, learning, teaching process, reinforcement, grading.

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