THE SIGNIFICANCE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF YOUNG SCHOOLCHILDREN

Dragana Mitraković, Maja Batez, Marijana Simić, Milena Mikalački, Milenko Janković

Abstract


One of the priority objectives of physical education in elementary school is a positive impact on all basic motor abilities. Additional physical activity in the form of training, according to most previous studies, increases the positive effects of physical education. In a sample of 266 second, third and fourth grade elementary school children attending the "Jovan Popovic" school in Sremska Mitrovica, the motor abilities of childrenwith different levels of physical activity were investigated. The comparison of the schoolchildrenwho participated in the organized extracurricular activities and those schoolchildren involved in physical education classes as the only form of physical activity was conducted. The assessment of motor abilities was carried out based on the following battery of tests: the long jump, running 20m, obstacle course backwards, deep forward bend, body bend and folding endurance. The application of the multivariate (MANOVA) and univariate (ANOVA) data analysis and the obtained research results led to the conclusion there are statistically significant differences between these two groups, at the level of statistical significance of p<0.05, which means that extracurricular physical activities contribute significantly to the development of motor abilities in young schoolchildren.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bailey, R. (2006). Physical education and sport in schools: A review of benefits and outcomes. Journal of School Health, 76(8), 397-401.

Bala, G. (2014). The effects of acute physical exercise training on mathematical computation in children. Annales Kinesiologiae, 1, (5), 15–22.

Blašković, M., Matković, B., & Matković, B. R. (1993). Utjecaj tjelesne aktivnosti na razvoj nekih bazičnih motoričkih sposobnosti kod dječaka, Kineziologija, 25(1-2), 33-38.

Barnett, L., Van Beurden, M. E., Morgan, P. J., Brooks, L. O., & Beard, J. R. (2009). Childhood motor skill proficiency as a predictor of adolescent physical activity. Journal of Adolescent Health, 44(3), 252-259.

Boreham, C., & Riddoch, C. (2001). The physical activity, fitness and health of children. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19(12), 915-929.

Centre for Health, Exercise and Sport Science (2015). Active youth for a healthier life: health, lifestyles and physical fitness of young people. Posted on September 22, 2015 from the World Wide Web: http://www.chess.edu.rs/

projekat-mos-smernice-za-fizicko-vezbanje/

Clark, J. E. (2005). From the beginning: a developmental perspective on movement and mobility. Quest, 57(1), 37-45.

Cliff, D., Okely, A., Smith, L., &McKeen, K. (2009). Relationships between fundamental movement skills and objectively measured physical activity in preschool children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 21(4), 436-449.

Diem, L., Lehr, U., Olbrich, E., & Undeutsch, U. (1980). Lаngsschnitt untersuchung über die Wirkung frühzeitiger motorischer Stimulation auf die Gesamtentwicklung des Kindesim 4. bis 6. lebensjahr (Sectional examination of the effect of an early motor stimulation on the overall development of the child in the 4th to 6th year of life). Schorndorf: Hofmann. In German

DiPietro, J. A. (1981). Rough and tumble play: A function of gender. Developmental Psychology, 17, 50–58.

Eisenmann, J. C. (2003). Secular trends in variables associated with the metabolic syndrome of North American children and adolescents: A review and synthesis. American Journal of Human Biology, 15(6), 786–794.

Haugen, T., Safvenbom, R., &Ommundsen, Y. (2011). Physical activity and globalselfworth: The role of physical self-esteem indices and gender. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 4(2), 49-56.

Henderson, S., & Sugden, D. (1992). Movement assessment battery for children. Kent, UK: The Psychological Corporation.

Hraski, Ž.,& Živčić, K. (1996). Mogućnost razvoja potencijala djece predškolske dobi (The possibility of the developmentof potential in children of preschool age). In: D. Milanović (Ed.). Book of proceedings, (pp. 16-19). Zagreb: Faculty of Physical Culture. In Croatian

Jonić, Z., Projović, A &Janković, I. (2009). Efikasnost različitih programa fizičkih aktivnosti dečaka predškolskog uzrasta (The efficiency of different physical activity programs with pre-school boys). Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije, (44), 217-226. In Serbian

Klnc, F. (2008). An intensive combined training program modulates physical, physiological, biomotoric, and technical parameters in women basketball players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(6), 1769-1778.

Kopas, J., Obadov, J., & Drid, P. (2008). The differences in morphological characteristics and motor abilities of young judo practitioners and primary school pupils. Glasnik Antropološkog društvaSrbije, 43, 212-219

Lindsey, E. W., & Mize, J. (2001). Contextual differences in parent-child play: Implications for children’s gender role development. Sex Roles, 44(3), 155–176.

Livesey, D., Lum, M. M., Toshack, T., & Zheng, Y. (2011). The relationship between motor performance and peer relations in 9- to 12-year-old children. Child :Care, Health and Development, 37(4), 581-588.

Mackintosh A. K., Knowles, R. Z., Ridgers, D. N., & Fairclough, T. S. (2011). Using formative research to develop CHANGE: a curriculum-based physical activity promoting intervention. BMC Public Health, 11(831). doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-831

Maslov, H.A. (1982). Motivacija i ličnost (Motivation and personality). Belgrade: Nolit. In Serbian

Milanovic, I. (2006).Efekti programirane nastave fizičkog vaspitanja u mlađem školskom uzrastu (Effects of programmed physical education in early school age children). Master thesis, Belgrade: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education. In Serbian

Milanović, D., Jukić, I., & Itoudis, D. (1994). Utjecaj programiranog treninga na promjene u motoričkim sposobnostima mladih košarkaša (Influence of programmed training on changes in motor skills of young basketball players).Kineziologija, 26 (1-2): 33-43. In Croatian

Netelenbos, J. B. (2005). Teacher´s ratings of gross motor skills suffer from low concurrent validity. Human Movement Science, 24(1), 116–137.

Obradovic, J. (2012). Osnove antropomotorike (Basics of anthropomotorics). Novi Sad: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education. In Serbian

Ostojic, S. M., Stojanovic, M., Veljovic, D., Stojanovic, M. D., Medjedovic, B., & Ahmetovic, Z. (2009). Physical activity and health: Definition of the problem, contemporary views and recommendations. TIMS Acta,3, 1-13.

Pellegrini, A. D. (1989). Elementary school children’s rough-and-tumble play. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 4, 245–260.

Petty, K. H., Davis, C. L., Tkacz, J., Young-Hyman, D., & Waller, J. L. (2009). Exercise effects on depressive symptoms and self-worth in overweight children: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 34(9), 929-939.

Sabo, E. (2002). Struktura motoričkog prostora i razlike u motoričkim sposobnostima dečaka predškolskog uzrasta pri upisu u osnovnu školu (Structure of motor space and differences in motor abilities of pre-school boys in enrollment at primary school). Fizičkakultura, 56(1-4), 10-17. In Serbian

Vannatta, K., Gartstein, M. A., Zeller, M., & Noll, R. B. (2009). Peer acceptance and social behavior during childhood and adolescence: How important are appearance, athleticism and academic competence? International Journal of Behavioral Development, 33(4), 303–311.

Zukolo, Z. (2007). Utjecaj šestomjesečnog treninga na promjene u nekim varijablama bazičnih motoričkih sposobnosti kod mladih košarkaša (The impact of the six-month training on changes in certain variables of basic motor skills in young basketball players). In: V. Findak (Ed.), 16. Summer School of Croatian Kinesiologists. Anthropological, methodical, methodological and technical assumptions of work in the areas of education, sport recreation, sport and physical training. Book of proceedings (pp. 274-282). Zagreb: Croatian Kinesiology Association. In Croatian


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN   1451-740X (Print)

ISSN   2406-0496 (Online)